Prevention of dental caries and other pathologies of the oral cavity should begin with early childhood. Prevention of dental caries can be primary, secondary and tertiary.
Primary prophylaxis of dental caries is preventive measures against caries formation. Secondary prevention involves the treatment of existing caries and its consequences. Tertiary prophylaxis of dental caries involves the treatment of all pathologies of a dental character and the restoration of the destroyed teeth.
Methods of primary prevention of dental caries are a set of measures aimed at preventing carious lesions of tooth tissues. First of all, it is observance of individual hygienic rules of the oral cavity. These measures a person must carry out independently. Professional oral hygiene is a group of measures that help to eliminate the beginning caries, to prevent its further development. In addition, professional prevention of dental caries allows you to cope with the process of inflammatory nature in the oral cavity, which can affect not only the teeth, but also the gum. The doctor, who carries out professional oral hygiene, not only eliminates plaque and deposits, he is obliged to convince a person to solve all dental problems in a timely manner, to teach him the proper independent oral hygiene.
Prevention of dental caries is not only the hygiene of the oral cavity, but also other activities, for example, the treatment of dental seals on the chewing surface of the tooth – fissure. Another area of dental caries prophylaxis is the use of fluorine-containing drugs.
Solid dental tissues can receive in several ways the fluoride they need – the use of fluorides locally and internally, providing direct contact of the drug with tooth enamel. Endogenous prophylaxis of dental caries is the intake of fluoride preparations inside together with water, a solution of salt, milk, in the form of tablets or drops. Provided a competent calculation of the intake of fluoride-containing funds, based on the needs of the body, it is possible to easily compensate for the lack of fluoride. Such drugs are usually applied, no less than two hundred and fifty days. Inspection of the oral cavity a year from two to fifteen years.
In addition, there is a second way of penetration of fluoride into hard dental tissues – local. To saturate the tooth enamel with fluoride, masks and varnishes for tooth enamel, mouth rinses, fluorine-containing gels are used.
The most popular and effective means of local prevention of dental caries is dental lacquer. It is applied to the surface of the tooth. When drying, the lacquer forms a transparent film. Which is very tightly attached to the tooth enamel. For several days the film keeps on the teeth. In fissures and interdental spaces, the film remains for several days or weeks. Before applying the lacquer, the tooth enamel is cleaned of stone and plaque and properly dried. The varnish is applied with a thin brush.
Correct and balanced nutrition plays a huge role in the prevention of dental caries. The daily diet should include foods that contain the required amount of the most important nutrients – proteins, carbohydrates and fats. In addition, the food should be saturated with minerals and vitamins. To keep your teeth healthy will help solid food, for example, fresh fruits and vegetables. During their use, the surface of the tooth enamel is effectively cleaned of plaque and deposits. In addition, the listed products heal the gum.