Leukopenia is a small concentration of white blood cells. Most often, leukopenia is noted with Frank’s and aleukia hemorrhages, agranulocytosis and leukemia and other blood diseases. In addition, the concentration of red blood cells decreases with such diseases as allergy and typhoid, brucellosis and protracted septic conditions, lupus erythematosus and diseases of a viral origin.
The continuing condition of leukopenia in some cases is considered as the earliest symptom of any systemic disease. In this regard, it is necessary in each case to seek to establish the causes of leukopenia. Thus, leukopenia, accompanied by a febrile condition, often indicates a viral infection. With bacterial lesions, leukocytosis often occurs. This applies to all diseases, excluding typhoid fever and a prolonged septic state. Differential diagnosis with acute infectious diseases is carried out on the basis of specific clinical manifestations and results of a blood test for serology. It is necessary to know that all these reactions give a positive result when collecting blood for analysis on the tenth day from the onset of the manifestations of the disease. At earlier stages of the development of the disease, the blood is examined for bacteria, put samples for the presence of allergies.
A separate group of leukopenia includes states that are united by a special term hypersplenism. Hypersplenism is understood as persistent leukopenia, accompanied by spleen growth. Of course, along with the enlarged spleen, there are other violations from the hematology. Leukemia leukopenic origin is the most common pathology. A strongly spleen is observed in the development of diseases such as myeloleukemia and osteomyelosclerotic varieties of leukemia. In the case of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, the spleen, as a rule, does not increase so much in size.
Symptoms of leukopenia occur with a strong inhibition of the process of hematopoiesis. However, in a number of specific diseases, the spleen does not increase in size. Red blood cells
Defeats of the radiological blood system or all kinds of intoxication can be established on the basis of history data, in particular those that give information about conditions in the workplace. Symptoms of leukopenia of medicinal origin are characterized by periodicity. It is proved by the fact that after the withdrawal of the prescribed drug, the blood composition of the patient comes back to normal. However, in some cases, medicamentous leukopenia can be of a persistent nature. There is information that individual drugs lead to a complication of leukopenia, flowing into agranulocytosis.
Separately, among the causes of the symptoms of leukopenia, it is worth highlighting red lupus. In establishing this cause of leukopenia, there is a need to conduct a thorough investigation of the patient’s condition, since a single study does not give an absolute guarantee of the presence of systemic lupus erythematosus.
A separate conversation can be opened on the topic of leukopenia in people, in general, healthy, but suffering from chronic inflammatory processes in the digestive tract and genitals, for example, gastritis and enterocolitis. In this case, conditions are formed for unimpeded outflow of the affected fluid and increased production of white blood cells by the body. This leads to a reduction in the reserve capacity of the bone marrow, resulting in a new balance, suggesting a lower concentration of white bodies in the blood.