Fungal nail diseases are part of a group of infectious diseases, the causative agents of which are pathogenic fungi. A lot of people around the world suffer from fungal nail diseases.
Pathways of infection with fungal diseases of nails
According to the results of recent studies, it can be concluded that, as a rule, infection of the nail fungus occurs among members of the same family who are constantly in direct contact with each other.
According to statistics, more than fifty percent of the affected nails are affected by the fungus. In this case, infection with the fungus on contact does not happen in all cases. For example, with reduced immunity, infection will occur more likely. In addition, infection with a fungal infection of nails can occur in the sauna or pool, in the gym or in contact with uninfected manicure and pedicure tools, etc.
Development of fungal nail disease
Fungal infection, penetrating the nail plate, can be localized at the edge of the nail, along the sides of the nail plate, near the cuticle of the nail or affect the entire nail plate. Affected by a fungal infection of the nails lose their healthy structure – turn yellow and cloudy, break down and crumble. Over time, the fungus affected by the fungus loses its shine and becomes thicker. Thickening of the affected nail is due to the active process of keratinization of the nail plate. Most quickly the nail crumbles on the sides.
Fungus, as a rule, affects first one nail, then spreads to the rest of the nails. However, it happens that the fungus remains only on the first affected nail, without switching to others.
Treatment of fungal diseases of nails
Treatment of fungal diseases of nails should be of a complex nature. In the treatment of fungal diseases of nails, it is necessary to strengthen and maintain general immunity, use local antifungal drugs, as well as means to normalize the overall blood supply to the nails.
Preparations against fungi of the last generation completely eliminate the fungal infection. And these funds do not just destroy the pathogenic fungus, but also contribute to the growth of the nail plate. Typically, the course of use of such drugs varies from two to four months. Festive manicure
For external use, modern medicine offers several effective means. These include antifungal ointments and creams, aerosols and varnishes. Some of these tools are used in the hardware processing of the nail plate from the fungus. With their help, removing the keratinized layer of the nail becomes more effective and painless. During the treatment of fungal diseases of the nails, it is necessary to regularly treat, as agreed with the dermatologist, not only the nail plates, but also the garments and things with which the person is in direct contact. This is necessary in order to avoid the secondary infection of the nail fungus. In the absence of treatment for fungal nail disease, the disease can lead to loss of the nail plate, which causes discomfort during walking and pain in the finger.
The results of modern studies have shown that the fungus not only spoils the nail, but also harms the body as a whole, as the fungus develops toxins that trigger the occurrence of allergic reactions and a sharp decrease in immunity.
It should be remembered that without treatment fungal disease of the nails will not disappear on their own. For this reason, it is necessary to find out the presence of the fungus as early as possible, since the last stages of the development of the disease with great difficulty yield to even the most effective treatment.