Pancreatitis is an inflammatory process of the pancreas, which develops because of its damage due to self-digestion.
Causes of pancreatitis
Pancreatitis of an acute nature develops because of the increase in pressure in the pancreatic duct system and the inverse penetration of enzymes into the pancreas. The pressure in the system is increased because of the stones in the ducts of the biliary system. In the case of men, the frequent cause of pancreatitis is the consumption of alcohol in large quantities.
Signs of pancreatitis
Because of the increase in pressure in the pancreas passages, the enzymes of her work begin to penetrate into the pancreas itself, thereby destroying it. This condition is considered urgent and requires an urgent hospitalization of the patient.
In the case of an extremely severe course of acute pancreatitis, the vast area of pancreatic tissue will die. The process of dying can capture both the fat layer and other internal organs that are in the retroperitoneal region. If active enzymes penetrate the abdominal cavity, aseptic peritonitis begins. In case of untimely competent treatment, the disease leads to a lethal outcome. Signs of pancreatitis are determined by a variety of the disease, its stage, the nature of the course and the individual characteristics of the organism of the sick person. The main signs of pancreatitis are pain, usually felt in the area of the left side. Sometimes pain can have shingles specificity and be given to the back or shoulder blade.
Signs of pancreatitis of an acute nature are contained in a liquid stool, which contains particles of undigested food. The peculiarity of the stool with acute pancreatitis is foam and bad odor. Quite often patients complain of nausea and exhausting vomiting, from which the patient does not feel better. In addition, the sign of pancreatitis is blue skin, pale or yellowish tinge.
Extremely severe varieties of the disease are characterized by such signs of pancreatitis as toxic shock, collapse, excessively low or too high body temperature. In this case, such signs of pancreatitis as:
– Shchetkin-Yulumbberg syndrome, when an effusion is found in the abdominal cavity;
– Georgievsky-Mussi’s syndrome, when painful sensations occur during palpation of the left abdominal region, Diarrhea
– Chukhrienko syndrome, when the location of painful sensations in the wall of the abdominal cavity is revealed, which develops during the movement of the hand;
– Resurrection syndrome, when there is a lack of pulsation of the aorta of the abdominal cavity due to swelling of the pancreas;
– Mayo-Robson syndrome, when there are painful sensations in the area of the stomach, where the ribs and the spine are located side by side.
Pancreatitis of a chronic nature, as a rule, is expressed in disorders of the digestive process – lack of appetite, diarrhea, belching and vomiting, gases in the gastric tract, regular strong rumbling in the abdomen. These pathological phenomena cause a sharp weight loss and development in some cases of diabetes. In addition, patients with chronic pancreatitis often observe the so-called red droplet symptom, when red spots appear on the skin of the chest, abdomen and back.
Nevertheless, the main symptom of chronic pancreatitis is epigastric pain, or colic, which can last from several minutes to several days. The intensity of these colic, as a rule, is determined by the degree of edema of the pancreas.