What is a phobia?

Phobia is defined as irrational fear and the kind of restless disorder in which a patient experiences constant fear of a certain situation, living beings, places or even ordinary things.

Individuals with a phobia can take various actions in order to avoid perceived threats, which are more significant in their imagination than they really are. When faced with a source of phobia, a person experiences extreme distress, which may well violate the natural rhythm of life; sometimes it can lead to the development of total panic. For some patients, even the thoughts of one’s own phobia are a source of severe stress.

The phobia develops when the individual begins to organize his life, trying to avoid the object of his fear. Phobia is recognized as a much more serious medical condition than the usual sense of fear. Patients with a phobia have an extraordinary sense of need to get rid of any reminder or anything that could cause their anxiety associated with fear.

If the phobia is represented by something with which the patient meets infrequently, for example, snakes, then the daily life of the patient is likely not to be disturbed. Nevertheless, some complex phobias are quite complex in order to avoid them. such as agoraphobia, or fear of leaving home and fear of being in a public place, or social phobia, also known as fear of being among people.

There are also nonpsychological phobias, for example, photophobia, or fear of light, which means increased sensitivity to light. For example, if an individual has a conjunctivitis or a myth, his eyes may be partially too sensitive to light. However, this state does not mean that a person is afraid of light. Other nonpsychological phobias are also referred to as hydrophobia, one of the symptoms of which is the inability to drink water.

On a note

It should be noted that some words, which include “phobia”, have nothing to do with fear, but rather, are related to prejudice or discrimination. So, homophobia is not an uncontrolled fear of homosexual individuals, but rather, means their disliking and even discrimination. Some elderly people may dislike teenagers and young adults, a phenomenon known as ephebophobia. By xenophobia means dislike of aliens, strangers, foreigners or anything unknown.

Currently, there are three main categories of phobias

Specific (simple) phobias

They represent a disproportionate sense of fear about specific situations, living substances, places, activities or inanimate things. Examples of such phobias include:

dentofobia (fear of dentists),
Chiropothyphia (phobia of bats),
kinophobia (dog dogs),
aerophobia (fear of flights),
opio-phobia (fear of snakes),
Ornithophobia (fear of birds),
Ranidaphobia (fear of frogs).
Two categories of phobias, described below, social phobia and agoraphobia, are complex, or complex, phobias. They are associated with a fear that is deeply rooted, or with serious concern about certain situations, incidents or circumstances, which makes them more destructive than simple phobias.

Social phobia

Social phobia is also known as a social restless disorder. An individual with a social phobia experiences difficulties in finding himself in a social setting, sometimes it is really unbearable for him to be among people. Visiting parties, weddings, various events or even exhibitions causes concern; Also, there is a fear of embarrassment and public humiliation. one of the most serious nightmares of a person with a social phobia is a public speech in front of a large number of people.

Also, in the presence of this phobia, there is also a fear of condemnation by others. People affected by a social phobia feel that they will be lonely, which is a very humiliating condition for them. The fear of becoming a target for ridicule due to their clothes, voice or other individual traits is so strong that such patients try to avoid any public congestion of people.

According to psychologists, a sufficiently large number of adult individuals with a social phobia begins to take measures to avoid social situations as early as adolescence. Studies have shown that such a progressive lifestyle makes individuals with a social phobia more susceptible to the development of depression. Also experts remind that social phobia is not equivalent to shyness.


Individuals with agoraphobia are afraid to find themselves in situations from which there is no way out; they are afraid to get stuck in a desperate situation and not get help. Agoraphobia can include fear of travel on buses and trains, visits to large shops and shopping centers. If there are enough severe symptoms, some patients can not even get out of their own